Glossary of Terms from Essays
James Agee: (1909 in Knoxville – 1955 in New York)
-American author and important poet.
Max Beckmann: (1884 in Leipzig – 1950 in New York)
-Painter and graphic artist, member of the Berliner Sezession; classified as a “degenerate artist” by the Nazis.
-In Greek mythology, the boatman who ferries the souls of the dead across the underworld river Acheron to the infernal regions of Hades.
William Sloane Coffin: (born in 1924)
-From 1958 to 1975, chaplain at Yale University; activist in the civil rights and peace movements.
Walker Evans: (1903 in Saint Louis – 1975 in New Haven)
-Important American photographer whose scenes of life during the Depression made a lasting impact on documentary photography.
Joseph Floch: (1894 in Vienna – 1977 in New York)
-Painter; moved to Paris in 1925; due to his Jewish origins, he fled to New York in 1941.
Seymour Gresser: (born in 1926 in Baltimore)
-Sculptor and author; numerous exhibitions in Europe, the US and Mexico.
-Woman mentioned in the Old Testament (Genesis 16: 1-16; 21: 8-21); Egyptian slave of Sarah, concubine of Abraham and mother of his son Ishmael; her grave is venerated by Muslims in Mecca.
John (Richard) Hersey: (1914 in Tientsin, China – 1993 in Key West)
-Journalist, war correspondent, author, winner of the Pulitzer Prize in 1945; political activist opposed to atomic weapons.
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner: (1880 in Aschaffenburg – 1938 in Frauenkirch-Wildboden)
-Painter and graphic artist; co-founder of the artists’ association Die Brücke (the bridge); classified as “degenerate” by the Nazis; suicide.
Paula Modersohn-Becker: (1876 in Dresden – 1907 in Worpswede)
-Painter; resettled in 1898 to the Worpswede artists’ colony; the landscape of northern Germany and the peasant farmer milieu are characteristic motifs in her work.
Emil Nolde: (1867 in Nolde – 1956 in Seebüll)
-Member of Die Brücke and one of the most important German expressionists; although he was a member of the Nazi Party, his works were classified as “degenerate” and confiscated.
Office of Strategic Services, so named in 1942.
Max Pechstein: (1881 in Zwickau – 1955 in Berlin)
-Expressionist, member of Die Brücke as well as the Berliner Sezession and the Neue Sezession, and the politically active November Group; officially forbidden to paint by the Nazis.
-Mythological river forming the border between life and death